Nipawin is located in northeastern Saskatchewan, elevation 364.05 meters (1,194.393 feet) above sea level at the base of the Water Tower. Longitude 104 degrees 01' - Latitude 53 degrees 22'.
The Town is located on Highway 55 which connects the Manitoba Border to Meadow Lake and on Highway 35 to the US Border, both highways are paved.
Nipawin is situated on the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Nipawin is surrounded by agricultural development with easy access to the Forte a'la Corne Provincial Forest to the west and Northern Provincial Forest to the north. The immediate vicinity, particularly to the south and east, has a gentle topography.
Saskatchewan Power has created two man-made lakes by the construction of the E.B. Campbell Dam in 1963 and the Francois Finlay Dam in 1986. The Town of Nipawin is located between Tobin Lake and Codette Lake. To the north lies the parkland of Central Saskatchewan. There is no farming beyond this parkland, placing our town between fine farmland to the south and recreation and forest to the north.
The Nipawin area is underlain in Lower Colorado Group sediments which are predominantly flat lying marine shale sand limestone with some conglomeratic sandstones. These rocks are covered with over one hundred meters (328 feet) of glacial drift and there is no surface rock exposures.
There is known iron ore mineralization in the area of the Choiceland and Kelsey Lake deposits which consist of fine-grained magnetite with narrow siliceous bands in the Precambrian basement rocks. There is peat product of horticultural peat in Carrot River. Peat is simply decayed organic matter and is the forerunner to coal. There has also been some radioactive mineralization documented on the Red Earth Reservation to the east.
Nipawin is situated in prairie area, but is partly wooded and is not subject to extreme prairie storms in most instances. The mean snowfall is 109.7 cm (43.2 inches) and mean rainfall 289.9 mm (11.41 inches). The average annual hours of bright sunshine is 2,143 and the average wind speed is 13.8 km/hr (8.57 mph).